What kind of government does salem have in the crucible

Mark Cartwright
Throughout the play it is difficult to tell what kind of lies are being told, and where the trith actually lies. Introduction. The The Crucible quotes below are all either spoken by Deputy Governor Danforth or refer to Deputy Governor Danforth. ) I have to do a role play of three short scenes- beginning, middle, and end- focussing on the changes in Parris' character. Why does Tituba come up with the names Goody Good and Goody Osburn as the two women she saw consorting with the devil? 31. ” Neo But, the entire ordeal set the wheels in motion for his play, The Crucible. B. What kind of government does salem have? What role does it play in the action? 3. d. No character is in the play who did not take a similar role in Salem, 1692. I remember those years—they formed “The Crucible” 's skeleton—but I have lost the . Modern witchcraft is recognized in Salem, but The Lace Reader author and local resident Brunonia Barry explained that it’s “multi-theistic, and does not believe in a devil of any kind. Get an answer for 'Salem was a theocracy. The times, to their eyes, must have been out of The Importance of Truth and Lies in The Crucible. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? 4. In writing The Crucible, Miller went to the source of the Salem Witch Hunts by reading the recorded transcripts of the trials. D. – Discuss the role that grudges and personal rivalries play in The Crucible thus far. While Miller maintained that he kept everything historically accurate, some have noted that he made changes to the real record for the sake of the play. The Crucible (The Movie) Over twenty years after the opening of the play, the eighty-one-year-old Miller wrote the screenplay for the production of a movie version of "The Crucible. His drama is chillingly pertinent in the first weeks of Arthur Miller was born in New York City, studied at the University of Michigan, and lived most of his adult life in New York. The Crucible What We Know: In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the town of Salem, Massachusetts is thrown into chaos when a group of girls are found dancing in the woods with a black slave- believed to be practicing witchcraft. Had they released it in November, given it a chance to find its audience, for the audiences and critics to appreciate the acting, it would have landed in the Oscar circle, instead of being virtually forgotten. This essay is a description of the context in which Arthur Miller wrote the play The Crucible. Salem Village was populated mainly by poor farmers who cultivated their crops on the rocky terrain. asked by Mary on June 5, 2010; Literature;Crucible. What question does Giles ask Hale that shows his comical, innocent personality. Once shunned and scorned by the respectable townsfolk who had heard rumors of her affair with John Proctor, Abigail now finds that she has clout, and she takes full advantage of it. Allegory and McCarthyism in 'The Crucible' Go to Video Gallery Added Oct 11, 23:50 Historical Background on the Salem Witch Trials . The set for Fremont High School’s production of Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible” is almost as stark as the play’s subject matter, which is set amid the Salem so we had to kind of The Moral of Arthur Miller's The Crucible In the 17th century a group of Puritans from England immigrated to America to escape persecution for their religious beliefs. But the people of Salem in 1692 were not quite the dedicated folk that arrived on the Mayflower. PROCTOR: The road past my house is a pilgrimage to Salem all morning. The system of government was a theocracy, which meant that God was the true Danforth deems himself an honorable man, but, much like his peers, he thinks in black and white and, unlike Hale, he does not have a change of heart. is set in a theocratic society, in which the church and the state are one, and the religion is a strict, austere form of Protestantism known as Even More Important Quotes from The Crucible Use these Crucible quotes for class discussion, for a better understanding of the play, or for writing a literary analysis. Throughout the play, Corey changes from a foolish old man, into a hero who courageously dies for his family’s well-being and honor. The white settlers arrived in New England in 1620, and Salem, Massachusetts had been in existence for about forty years by 1692. _____was the director whose testimony to HUAC prompted the writing of the crucible. Parris and his wife Elizabeth, were the first two girls in Salem Village to be accused of witchcraft during the infamous Salem Witch Trials. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible A Democracy B Theocracy from ENGLISH 101 at Irvine Valley College Best Answer: The only aspect of the government that makes a difference in the play is the fact that it is nonsecular--meaning the church is directly connected with the political system. How would have the insanity died out?Would everyone in Salem have to be eliminated from the church and executed? feel Proctor's chose to die was needed A combative old resident of Salem, Giles Corey is a comic figure in "The Crucible" whose fate turns tragic when he unwittingly effects his wife's charge for witchcraft when he wonders aloud about the strange books she reads at night. The Crucible (1953) Arthur Miller (1915-2005) “I was half inside the car when Molly [Kazan] came out and asked, unforgettably, if I realized that the United States Electrical Workers union was entirely in the hands of Communists…. The Crucible contains many different kinds of lies, some told to spite other people, some told to protect others, and some told out of ignorance. What kind of government does Salem have in The Question: What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? The Crucible. ANALYSIS . ) to “motivate, in turn, means ‘to provide with a motive,’ and motivation is defined as ‘the act to process of motivating’. Salem developed as a theocracy. We have inherited this belief, and it has helped and hurt us. Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? 4. The Crucible is a 1953 play by American playwright Arthur Miller. 2. Learn more about the themes in The Crucible, which can be easily applied to modern day situations. Theocracy. The crucible elizabeth proctor essay Suggested essay topics and study questions for Arthur Miller's The Crucible. FreeBookSummary. 3. They were part of a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe in the 14th century. How is Abigail responsible for starting the whole scare about witches in Salem? Is she lying? insane? possessed? If Abigail had not been caught dancing, would the witch trials still have been held? What makes you think so? 3. the fact that both those ideas had a reality for the people of Salem that they do not have for us. The Puritans loved tranquility and modesty, and the only way to have this stability in their society was to have laws. Sen. Through the retelling of the Salem witch trials during the Red Scare of the 50s, The Crucible. Amidst the drama of the court scene in Act III, Proctor and Mary Warren are being questioned in relation to Elizabeth's possession of poppets. A statement or event contrary to what one might expect. How do the proposed hangings of Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor differ from the past executions? Miller wrote The Crucible not simply as a straight historical play detailing the Salem witch trials. Which character said, You must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between. Get an answer for 'What were the purposes of the Salem theocracy in The Crucible?' and find homework help for other The Crucible questions at eNotes How does this form of government affect the The Crucible 1. Hard work and church consume the majority of a Salem resident’s time. – What kind of government does Salem have? Describe it. For a basic plot summary, "The Crucible" is a story set during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. It includes references to the mass hysteria of the 1950's created in America by Senator Mcarthy, due to Communism, the time when Miller wrote the play. In their book Salem Possessed, Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum remark upon the prominent place the Salem witch trials have in America's cultural consciousness. They have no proof. There is much that can be learned from The Crucible, which is a great play about the witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts in the 1690s. S. Compare the roles that elizabeth proctor and abigail williams play in the crucible? 2. With the Witch Trials, the judges, like Hathorne, had ultimate power; they arrested anyone and everyone who was accused by another person and everyone was then put on trial. “The Crucible” and Communism • Allegory: work of literature that tells one story on the surface while referring to another sub textually oComparing the play to the Red Scare • Can you see how these historical events are similar to those of the Salem Witch Trials? He is the third minister of Salem in seven years and does not want the community to have the ability to put him out. John Proctor pleads for his name loved The Crucible. The Crucible: Complete Study Guide SparkNote by Selena Ward Act I: Opening scene to the entrance of John Proctor Summary The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692; the government is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials. c) Monarchy. Governor. Set in 1692, set in the community of Salem, among the Puritans the film moves quickly with its story. C. Salem Town, in contrast, Salem Town was a busy town trade center populated mostly by wealthy merchants. Democracy does not mean government with bureaucracy way of doing its activities, but it does happen that those governments with such kind of procedure are democratic in nature (Danforth, 1663). &nbsp &nbsp &nbsp &nbsp Miller seems to have written the play in a kind of white heat. Miller created works of art, inspired by actual events, for his own artistic/political intentions. of paranoid fantasy—made a kind of lunatic sense to them, as it did in  Whether it be religion, government, or social roles; they all play some sort of impacting part to The Crucible takes place in the early England colonies in Salem, make different kind of actions to compare to MCcarthyism that occurred in 1950s. now. Parris threatens to whip Tituba to death if she does not confess to witchcraft. Abigail Williams (Winona Ryder) and a number of her teenaged female friends are screwing around in the woods one night (typical teenage rebellion kind of stuff) when they are discovered and charged as witches. Quote: She thinks to dance with me on my wife's grave! And well she might, for I thought of her softly. What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? 5. The system became oppressive, leading to the rise of a desire for individual freedom. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? what does Mary Warren give to Elizabeth Proctor when she The Crucible - Final Test . About Salem in 1692 as portrayed in The Crucible. The Crucible is a stage play about the Salem witch trials, when more than 200 people were maliciously accused of witchcraft, resulting in 14 hanged, and Arthur Miller does a terrific job of taking this complex historical chapter and turning it into a powerful human drama built around tragic heroes and moral dilemmas. The Salem witch hunt stemmed from the fear of this But the people of Salem in 1692 were not quite the dedicated folk that arrived on the Mayflow er. Twenty-four died and fifty-five falsely admitted to witchcraft. evidence—the testimony of a church member who claimed to have seen a person's spirit . God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat. This stubborn refusal to stand trial—Corey did not wish to forfeit his estate to the government if was made into a character in Arthur Miller's 1953 play The Crucible. You receive several other handouts as we go along. Terms in this set (31) Theocracy. The town of Salem falls into mass hysteria, a condition in which community-wide fear overwhelms logic and individual thought and ends up justifying its own existence. To what does Miller attribute the success of the Massachusetts Colony in the “overture” of the play? 5. That historical event was, to Miller, another sort of "witch hunt," while the play's 17th-century Salem setting depicts the famous actual witch hunt of the colonial period. the crucible essay Marion Senior High. How does Andover differ from Salem? 4. The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692; the government is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials. 6. B The Crucible Review Game Question Preview (ID: 10527) What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? a) Theocracy. Danforth and Hathorne have returned to Salem to meet with Parris, and are surprised to learn that  What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible A Democracy B Theocracy from ENGLISH 101 at Irvine Valley College. A vast differentiation had taken place, and in their own time a revolution had unseated the royal government and substituted a junta which was at this moment in power. Why does Proctor confess? Why will he not name names? Why will he not let Danforth have his signed paper? 7. English III The Crucible Mrs. 18 Aug 2011 Ever since those dark days ended, the trials have become synonymous with mass hysteria and scapegoating. . please check my answers to these 5 questions: 1. Many critics have referred to The Crucible as a political allegory. Spring & Fall 2007 5 This is the only convenient place to dump one’s fears and blames. prevent his daughter from joining the witches. Discuss the changes that reverend hale . The Crucible ACT I The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692; the government is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials. 7). What is Reverend Parris’s personal crisis? How and why does it develop from a personal to a social crisis? What is John Proctor’s opinion of Parris’s authority? What is your impression of the community of Salem from this first act? The Crucible Lust. English 11 The Crucible Practice Test Part I: Multiple Choice 1. In the case of both the Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism, the government that was in the lead at the time was out of control and had too much power. How does this form of government affect the outcome of the play The. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Miller seems to have made both deliberate changes and accidental mistakes. From Witch-hunts and Communist-hunts to Terrorist-hunts Pakistan Journal of American Studies, Vol. “A fire, a fire is burning! I hear the boots of Lucifer, I see his filthy face! And it is my face, and yours, Danforth! For them that quail to bring men out of ignorance, as I have quailed, and as you quail now when you know in all your black hearts that this is fraud—God damns our kind especially, and we will burn, we will burn together!” What role does sex, and sexual repression, play in The Crucible? Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? Analyze Reverend Parris. That The Crucible does not communicate this power to an audience is an allegation regarding which empirical evidence is lacking, but the long lines at the box offices of most theaters that have produced it since it “failed” on Broadway constitute, at least in part, a refutation of the charge. to get a confession, otherwise the Crown or the provincial government could not  4 May 2010 The Puritan community was a theocracy, a government which blends church and state. . Salem Town initially objected to the farmers' request, but in March 1672, with a push from the colonial government, the town granted Salem Village the liberty to hire a minister for themselves. The authorities waste no time in minding the business of Salem citizens. After much research, he struggled with the dilemma of how to make this more than an interesting historical Arthur Miller's The Crucible: Fact & Fiction A scholar of the Salem witch trials provides her take on Arthur Miller's play The Crucible, which was inspired by the trials. It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that . A crucible essay is an essay that draws on Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible. You must have it with you in your English binder every day. If someone saw girls dancing naked in the woods today, they probably wouldn't put them on trial. Abigail Williams (estimated to be age 11 or 12 at the time), along with Elizabeth (Betty) Parris, daughter of Rev. two kinds of people: neighbors who own a lot of land, have the more desirable reputable business, then they were likely more trusted by the government. Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible, takes place in the Puritan town of Salem, Massachusetts. They believed, in short, that they held in their steady hands the candle that would light the world. How does this form of government affect the outcome of the play The Crucible? ' and find homework help for other The Crucible questions at eNotes Study 47 Crucible flashcards from MacKenzie A. Arthur Miller's The Crucible tells the story of the Salem Witch Trials, and holds allegorical The Crucible: Giles Corey Character… With the words “more weight” Giles Corey, from The Crucible by Arthur Miller, becomes a true hero. Colonists accused of witchcraft in the Salem Witch Trials did not have a lot of options. A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO THE PENGUIN EDITION OF ARTHUR MILLER’S THE CRUCIBLE By RANDEANE TETU A Teacher’s Guide to Arthur Miller’s The Crucible 2 NOTE TO THE TEACHER: The questions, exercises, and assignments on these pages are designed to guide students’ reading of the literary work and to provide suggestions for exploring the implications of the story through discussions, research, and However, Miller does not see his tragedy as one that should include pity for the protagonist. Written as a parallel to the late 17th century Salem witch trials in Massachusetts, Miller illustrates how conflict can tear a community apart and leave dire consequences upon its people. Although the play centers on real events, it is not actual “history” – Miller changed the ages of characters and consolidated several historical figures so that there are fewer actors on stage. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? (A) Democracy (B) Theocracy (C) Monarchy (D) Kleptocracy 2. It and Death of a Salesman are easily Miller's most well-known plays and are both regarded as some of the most classic plays of the 20th century. The Crucible by Arthur Miller “The Crucible and the play of power and fear” by Dr Jennifer Minte r (English Works Notes, 2014) In his autobiography Timebends, Arthur Miller states, if the play ( The Crucible ) is a hit on stage, ‘it is either a warning of tyranny on the way or a reminder of tyranny just past”. Puritanism is a very What kind of government does Salem have period in the United States when Senator McCarthy tried to scare the people that Communism was leaking into our government whereas The Crucible is a Perfect prep for The Crucible quizzes and tests you might have in school. The evil present in Salem Village does not need a supernatural gloss to understand. com . How managers motivates their employees Introduction: Motivation is often defined as a need or a desire which causes a person to do something. Arthur Miller’s disturbing play The Crucible, bluntly comments on the horrors of a society infiltrated with mass fear and hysteria. He demands the deed to his house and preaches fire and brimstone regarding whatever he is after until he has it. N 25. The 1952 Arthur Miller play The Crucible used the Salem witch trials as a metaphor for McCarthyism, suggesting that the process of McCarthyism-style persecution can occur at any time or place. Why does John Proctor choose to hang? What does he thereby accomplish? A Teacher’s Guide to Arthur Miller’s The Crucible 3 In Arthur Miller's book "The Crucible," there are many different conflicts throughout the story. I’ll go over the most important quotes from The Crucible, explaining both their literal meaning and why they’re important. of Salem, and it undoubtedly created many of the suspicions which were to feed the coming madness. 13. The play focused heavily on the fact that once accused, a person would have little chance of exoneration, given the irrational and circular reasoning of The Crucible - Act I: Opening scene to the entrance of John Proctor Summary In 1692, the government of Salem, Massachusetts is a theocracy. He wants to be present for the death of Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor to pray for them. Putnam feel something is behind the death of her children? *16. Illustrates the belief that history repeats itself. What is the overall theme of The Crucible? 2. How does John Proctor's great dilemma change during the course of the play? Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? Analyze Reverend Parris. Why does Hale return to Salem after quitting the court? A. '(Miller) This statement demonstrates the conflict in belief. Total Cards. In this sense, The Crucible is not as relevant, but when it comes to American society, there is a very real bigotry towards Muslims similar to the kind described in the play. McCarthyism and The Crucible What is McCarthyism? McCarthyism occurred in the 1950’s in the United States during a period of post-war economic, political and social instability. This is why it was possible to "convict" women of being witches (against the Puritan society that resided in Salem), and carry out executions. It was also, in my opinion, one of the things that a John Proctor would rebel against. A special judge serving in the Salem court during the witch trials. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Abigail Williams is the pebble that gets the avalanche of the Salem witch trials started. This study guide is designed to enhance students’ mastery of key content and skills in social studies, language arts, and other disciplines through examination of the Salem Witch Trials. Judge. The main themes of The Crucible are individual versus authority, corruption, conflict, fear, mass hysteria and integrity. Salem Village was the epicenter of the 1692 scourge that struck Essex County and beyond. The events of Salem represent a paradox to what one might have expected from God-fearing people such as the Puritans. But the prize-winning playwright will forever be associated with Salem, Massachusetts, the setting of one of his most famous plays, The Crucible, which opened on Broadway in 1953. that underlie all witch hunts, to identify the kinds of accusers and judges Specifically, the Salem witch hunt, depicted in The Crucible, kills innocent  The Crucible 1. One of the most frequently produced of contemporary plays but never before filmed in English, Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" doesn't emerge onscreen with its full impact intact. Here is an outline of some of the most prominent conflicts in "The Crucible. The Crucible is a parable that tells the tale of a similar "witch-hunt" that went down in playwright Arthur Miller’s time. 1. The Crucible was composed during a time when a similar hysteria was sweeping through America. What role does sex, and sexual repression, play in The Crucible? 3. One certain evidence of this is the confession of Tituba, the slave of Reverend Parris, and another The community of Salem became paralyzed with fear, believing that demons were at work among them, and perhaps even Satan himself, and that the remedy to all of this was killing the possessed. The Crucible details the events that fueled the witch trials of 1692 in Salem, a small town in colonial Massachusetts. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? In Act II, what does Mary Warren give to Elizabeth Proctor when she returns home from the trials? in The Crucible?' and find homework help for other The Crucible questions at eNotes. Analyze Reverend Parris. Joseph McCarthy began an investigation to expose Communists in the U. What does Putnam say that terrifies Tituba and causes her to say that she told the devil she did not want to work for him? 30. Good, a real historical figure, was executed in the Salem witch trials of 1692. In 1953, the year the play debuted, Miller wrote, "The Crucible is taken from history. A crucible is a container made of a substance that can resist great heat ; a crucible is also defined as a severe test. The first ever revival at The Yard is this trippily haunting take on ‘The Crucible’ Hackney Wick’s temple of leftfield theatre The Yard has literally never staged a revival of an old play up who does Abigail have a crush on? John Proctor who arrives at Salem to determine if their town has witches? Reverend Hale Who is the first women accused by abigail? Tituba Who was in the bed not waking up? Betty Who drank blood as a charm? Abigail What happened if you were accused and didn't confess? hanged Who accused Mr. 32. Allegory. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? A. Bailiff . own time a revolution had unseated the royal gov- ernment and  the year is 1692 and the witch trials have diminished and are almost over in Europe. and it and others suggest she fell into the marry-your-father type of trope as well. At one recent production of which the writer has Unfortunately, Miller’s The Crucible now on stage at Stratford Festival’s Avon Theatre doesn’t measure up to these two. Discuss the changes that reverend hale undergoes in the course of the play. evil. Answers: 1. What does the fact that Parris is the third minister in seven years tell you about the town? *14. Hale been brought to Salem from Andover? How does he feel about his mission? *15. "Witchcraft was hung, in History, But History and I Find all the Witchcraft that we need Around us, every Day" — Emily Dickinson, #1583. “The Crucible” is a dramatization of real-life events surrounding the Salem Witch Trials in 1692 and 1693. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible ? Democracy Theocracy Monarchy Kleptocracy INCORRECT!!! Try Again CORRECT  The truth is an unwelcome entity in the 1692 Salem Witch Trials and the 1950's . However, it is well-known that Miller wrote The Crucible as a kind of allegory in reference to the Red Scare and McCarthy investigations into supposed American communists. Not really but it still is learned because it is important. Using the 'Salem Witch Trials' of the early 1690s as a precinct, Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible. The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller that was published in 1953. Salem is under a theocratic form of government where the people live by the very strict rules of the Puritans. It shows that he knows that there are no witches in Salem. and what has . What kind of character is he? How does he change? Why is he important to the story? Any help on Parris would be appreciated! I have no doubt that people were communing with, and even worshiping, the Devil in Salem, and if the whole truth could be known in this case, as it is in others, we should discover a regular and conventionalized propitiation of the dark spirit. What kind of government does Salem have in The What news does Mary Warren bring from The Crucible was an extended metaphor. What kind of government does Salem have in the Crucible? news does Mary Warren bring from Salem? Start studying The Crucible. what sort of dancing were you doing with her in the forest? Now, sir, the government and central church demand of you the  13 Oct 2017 Paranoia was sweeping Salem, and Elizabeth was being examined by a fear and perceived threat—seems to have been part of the mix. While Miller 's other works did have allegorical connections, his drama The  The Crucible 1. This handsomely In 1692, the most famous witch-hunt took place in Salem, Massachusetts due to the fear of the Devil and supernatural creatures. Academia. In extremely religious Puritan New England, frightening or surprising occurrences were often attributed to the devil or his cohorts. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? The Crucible Essay Theocracy is a form of government in which a society is system of the Jewish government and argued that it did not fit into any of the existing Greek In The Crucible by Arthur Miller Salem is governed by a strict conduct of laws There are them that will swear to anything before they'll hang; have you  Oct 13, 1996 Arthur Miller shares the story behind his play about the Salem witch trials. What role does sex, and sexual repression, play in The Crucible? 6. Salem Village was almost exclusively agrarian, cut off from the ports and tributaries that made Salem Town more mercantile and international in character. The times, to their eyes, must have been out of The Crucible is a film version of Arthur Miller’s classic play about Puritan society, the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, and, metaphorically, the Red Scare during the period 1947 – 1956. Why did Elizabeth Proctor fire Abigail? 5. Monarchy. This let me see the foundation of which this community was built on and see how this cornerstone in their government might have affected those within the community—leading them to accuse and carry out several paradoxes themselves. A very strict theocracy rules Salem; a place where the bible is law and anyone who does follow the rules to the letter, must have dealings with the devil. This paper does not stand out as strictly a Theological one, but it does, of course, mention Witchcraft. What event begins the rising action of Act I? A. How do we see examples of verbal irony used throughout the play? 3. Democracy. 8. I know the children's sickness has naught to do with witchcraft. Examples of verbal irony in "The Crucible": I. The Crucible Act 1 Quiz 1. The Puritan society at the time, does not accept View Test Prep - Quiz_-_Act_1_key from ACC 460 E ACC 460, A at DeVry University, Chicago. For instance, the kind of ergotism that produces hallucinations has other  19 Sep 2019 Sixty-six years ago, everyone who saw “The Crucible” on Broadway knew of the Salem witch trials was really “about” the House Un-American Tynan who might reasonably have been expected to applaud Miller for attacking HUAC. Plutocracy . NOTE: I am putting this on the Internet to give you an example of my more serious, scholarly work, and to provide you with some help in understanding the Salem Witchcraft Trials historically. Miller wrote the screenplay for the movie, giving the film more credibility than most screen adaptations of theatrical works. What bothers Giles Corey about his wife? 17. I scorn it! Giles' Voice, roaring: I have evidence for the court! The vestry room of the Salem meeting house, now serving Hathorne's Voice: How do you know, then, that you Hale: Pray be calm a moment. The Individual Vs AuthorityMiller’s concept of the parallel between 1950s America and seventeenth-century Salem emerges most clearly in the Themes of his plays. What is Parris’ position in Salem? A. One of them is even running around naked, and Reverend Parris does not believe his own eyes. For clarity, the quotes are grouped into four themes: irony, fear and hysteria, pride and reputation, and power and authority. In The Crucible, neighbors suddenly turn on each other and accuse people they've known for years of practicing witchcraft and devil-worship. The trials, then, in which the girls are allowed to act as though they have a direct connection to God, empower the previously powerless Abigail. Investigating Individualism and Conformity through Arthur Miller’s The Crucible An individual’s relationship to society is an important and interesting issue that comes up again and again in literature for young adults. us as much about 1970s New Age feminism as it does about the Salem Witch trials. in which power resides in the hands of men—who do you trust? 18 Oct 2009 The Crucible: Salem established itself as a religious community in the midst of evil. Fearing the spread of Communism and seeing it as a threat to the nation and to individual freedoms, the American government, led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, sought out every single communist in the U. Whorocracy. John Proctor in Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible, ended up in a similar situation as Jackson, but witchcraft was his charge. Danforth who is the head of the court is has too much authority and is able The Crucible (part 2) Analysis of Major Characters John Proctor In a sense, The Crucible has the structure of a classical tragedy, with John Proctor as the play’s tragic hero. This quote could fit in nicely with the type of minds there are in The Crucible. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Before the play begins, what did Parris catch his daughter and other girls doing? Topic: “The Magistrate sits in your heart that judges you. Context in The Crucible. As a representative of the state government, is Danforth neutral and fair? The Crucible. Minnesota Senator, Joe McCarthy, convicted over 200 government emoployees of being communist. The Crucible is Arthur Miller’s dramatization of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692/93. While "The Crucible" at first appears to have no relation Arthur Miller's time, it later develops into a story that parallels the crisis over communism. The Crucible teaches a lesson that we can still learn from today and it also has things in it that can be taught in school which is really fun. The Salem witch trials, as this quote states, developed from a paradox itself. The Salem Witchcraft trials of 1692 took place in our own country, and it was highly influenced by the general population’s back and forth accusations based on… Historian Richard Trask is a leading authority on the Salem witch-hunt of 1692. In a bid to not only secure his career as a journalist & play writer and also to alert the American people against the government misinformation & propaganda that were headed their way, Miller started to ink The Crucible. Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" relates the Salem Witch Trials of the late sixteen hundreds to the "Red Scare" of the nineteen fifties, when people panicked due to fear that communism would thrive. That was just the beginning of Miller's trouble with the government. >A theme is an idea developed or explored throughout a work. Question: How is The Crucible an allegory for McCarthyism? The Crucible: A Witch-Hunt Cautionary Tale. It showed how McCarthyism was like the Salem witch hunt. 5. Please keep them all in your The Crucible Unit section in your binder. The aftermath of the Salem Witch Trials plays a big part in life even today. Set in 1692, The Crucible centers around the Salem witch trials, in which women were accused of being possessed by the devil. Salem's government showed abuse of power towards citizens through religious control, fear of punishment, and overall control of the people of Salem which was an allegory directed towards McCarthyism that Miller tried to inform us about through Salem's government and way of life. In the play she is constantly telling 3 pages 1 Nov/2012 0. I've been working with the materials of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 for so long as an academic historian, it's not surprising when people ask me if I've seen the play or film The Crucible, and what I think of it. There were definitely a lot of Puritan qualities in The Crucible . As demonstrated in The Crucible, people can pursue and obtain what they want without fear of reprisal, so long as they do it under the guise of the church or God's will. One thing you could easily miss in all this: Salem is not Salem Village. If Proctor had lied and lived, the accusations of witches may have not ended. Use the Salem Witch Trials as an opportunity to explore the concept of the multiplicity of explanations and causes there can be for one event. You see, McCarthyism reminded Miller of another event in United States history—the Salem witch trials. Looking back at the theocracy governing Salem, perhaps Miller saw a parallel between that rule and the government in the Cold War era. Such little things like that does not make someone a witch. He feels guilty and wants to convince the accused to confess in order for them to live, even if it is the jail. Practice Test. The Crucible – Summary up to page 48 September 23, 2014 · by mistafrade · in The Crucible . Essay about The Crucible by Arthur Miller - The Crucible by Arthur Miller Arthur Miller uses many dramatic devices in "The Crucible" in order to grasp the attention of the audience. The Salem Witchcraft Trials: worldviews and context "There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils. The Salem goal was "to keep the community together, and to prevent any kind of disunity that might open it to destruction by material or ideological enemies" (McDougell Littell, 2002, p. In The Crucible, Act One, what is the general attitude toward unknown or inexplicable phenomena in colonial Massachusetts? Use specific details from the play to support your answer. Miller wrote the play as an allegory for McCarthyism, when the United States government persecuted people accused of being communists. The Crucible is in the most a lesson teaching us about the horrors of the government in McCarthyism and in the case of the Crucible the court. Essentially, although the story is not exactly the same, it is still applicable and relevant today. The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women Possibly the best known and best documented of all witch trials, the Salem Witch Trials were a series of hearings before local magistrates followed by county court trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in a variety of towns across Massachusetts Bay Colony, between February 1692 and May 1693. The play is a semi-fictionalized account of the Salem witch trials of 1692-93 in The Crucible: the perfect play for our post-truth times In the 50s, Arthur Miller used 17th-century Salem to comment on the ‘red scare’. Unit Plan-Investigating Individualism and Conformity. What kind of life do the children in the Puritan society have? 5. The people of Salem have been accused of being a witch because they were seen talking to another witch once. In Arthur Miller's play "The Crucible," Sarah Good's accusers contended the evidence she was a witch was that she could not recite the Ten Commandments. Why ? The Crucible' Remains Important Today For a story of any kind to have any relevance or meaning some 50 years after being written and indeed almost 400 years after it was set, it needs to contain themes and ideas that have been uniformly felt and experienced by people from all walks of life as well as continuing to speak to and have meaning to new and changed But the people of Salem in 1692 were not quite the dedicated folk that arrived on the Mayflower. The Crucible. Reflection: How does The Crucible display the qualities of Puritans – And what is the breakdown of Puritan beliefs as well. Within the context of the play the term takes on a new meaning: not only is the crucible a test, but a test designed to bring about change or reveal an individual's true character. Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? 8. What does Reverend Parris reveal about his niece Abigail? 2. His characters appear to be multifaceted and he reveals numerous sides of their personalities during the play. Failure to do so led to sanctions. Minister. In early colonial times, it would have been considered a sign of witchcraft and a sin! In Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", a story of that kind of odd behavior is told about the now infamous Salem witch 3 pages 14 Feb 1. 168). ‘The possibility of victory must be there in tragedy. 848 Stage Street Marion, VA 24354The Crucible by Arthur Miller is a very well written account of the Salem Witch Trials and provides an incredible portrait of the complexities of the human soul. Salem is one of Massachusetts’ best destinations for families, couples, domestic and international travelers who are seeking an authentic New England experience, cultural enrichment, American history, fine dining, unique shopping, and fun. ” How does Miller treat the theme of judgment (by society and by individuals) in his play? Arthur Miller, the author of The Crucible was involved in communist activities during the Cold War in the United States which, considering the historical context brought him to court. What role does sex, and sexual repression, play in The Crucible? 7. Giles wife of being a According to Miller, the real work of the Devil is the bestowment of forgetfulness that allows us to be surprised every time this kind of hysteria breaks out. And thus: The Crucible Arthur Miller was in the middle of all of this hysteria about Communism. Honest, upright, and blunt-spoken, Proctor is a good man, but one with a secret, fatal flaw. The Crucible The Crucible, Act Three 6. good supply of ne'er-do-wells in Salem, who dallied at the shovelboard2 in . It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that took place in the Massachusetts Bay Colony during 1692/93. Mike Davidson, Principal Lori Bruce-Cutshaw, Assistant Principal Sallie Moss, Athletic Director. 13 Nov 2009 In their book Salem Possessed, Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum remark upon the prominent place the Salem witch trials have in America's cultural Why would the church and government authorities continue to credit these wild How does Arthur Miller use history to create a play that continues to  27 Oct 2019 “No character is in the play who did not take a similar role in Salem, 1692. Giles Corey thinks Putnam is accusing neighbors of witchcraft because Putnam wants to: A. The Crucible does 3 important things 1. 29. And it is my face, and yours, Danforth! For them that quail to bring men out of ignorance, as I have quailed, and as you quail now when you know in all your black hearts that this be fraud – God damns our kind especially, and we will burn, we will burn together!” ― Arthur Miller, The Crucible John Proctor is a character from the Crucible, a play by Arthur Miller, Throughout the play he changes from being a troubled, self-exiled, sinner to becoming a person of high moral standards. Arthur Miller stated that “The tragedy of The Crucible is the everlasting conflict between people so fanatically wedded to this orthodoxy that they could not cope with the evidence of their senses. McCarthyism in The Crucible In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. " As was the play, the movie is a fictionalized version of the events of Salem in 1692. it’s not that kind of play. At the beginning of Arthur Miller's play "The Crucible," the protagonist, Proctor, is a respected Salem resident. Set in Salem, Massachusetts, the play enacts the hysteria and irrational hunt, trial, and execution of innocent people caught up in a personal and superstitious web of accusations. The Salem Witch Trails have officially ended. : Is the law always right? Does a government always have the best interests of its people at heart? Act I. of government in Salem? kind of reputation does rebecca nurse have? The phrase “total witch hunt” has been in the news constantly, and the Olney Theatre Center production of Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible” shows that “fake news” The Crucible - John Proctor Arthur Miller’s "The Crucible" illustrates a powerful drama based on the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. avoid revelation of his secret. Arthur Miller s The Crucible A Criticism of Current Affairs & An Examination of History Playwright s Bio Arthur Miller was born in 1915 in New York City He was – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Note: all page numbers and citation The Puritans of Salem, Massachusetts immediately set up a government and society where discipline, respect, community, and God were the way of society. Analyze and Evaluate (The Crucible, Act One) 47. The Crucible what does th eopening passage to act one in the crucible tell us about the puritans and their views of how the world works. Crucible Courthouse Setting. The Crucible Authority and justice in the play The Crucible have had to be equally woven in order for justice to have been served. I have experienced this Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible played a large role in popularizing many of the details of the Salem witch trials and dramatizing facts that he uncovered in historical records. There is more to the play than the witch trials, though. In the original Broadway production in 1953 she was played by Jean Adair, who died shortly afterwards. 1 & 2. We will be using it for our study and discussion of the play. Salem was ruled by English law at the time which dictated that if a grand jury handed up a “true bill,” which indicates that there is evidence of misbehavior, the person would be indicted and a formal trial by jury would follow. She includes a long list of historical inaccuracies in the play, but also mentions inaccuracies that Miller was aware of and took poetic license with. The trials did not end at the release of the witches. Why has Rev. trying to run away from home. com - id: 3c2a43-ZjMzM Salem witch trials (1692–93), a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted ‘witches’ to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1692, Salem was populated by Puritans who saw the world in terms of good vs. on StudyBlue. What is a crucible? How is it used? Justify Miller’s use of The Crucible as a title for his play. The Crucible Essay. His lust for Abigail Williams… o The Crucible in 1959, 1994 and 2005 *Co-production with the University of Houston Playwright's Perspective. – Discuss Miller’s treatment of women thus far in this Puritan society. setting himself up as chief interrogator. Real scary forces. Parris: Judge Hathorne—it were another sort that hanged till now. He wrote The Crucible as an allegory to illustrate how ridiculous the paranoia about Communism in the US was. What is Parris's position in Salem? (A) Governor (B) Judge (C) Minister (D) Bailiff 3. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? (A) Democracy (B) Theocracy (C) Monarchy (D) Kleptocracy. I saw many of the usual characteristcs, like mentioning God frequently , discussion of sin, and centering God in ones life. already Salem Village was not an autonomous entity and lacked a government of its own until 1752 when it achieved independence and became known as Danvers. In a world where everything and everyone belongs to either God or the Devil, the court and government of Massachusetts, being divinely sanctioned, necessarily belong to God. Try a teacher's guide that provides a synopsis of The Crucible, the classic play by Arthur Miller about the Salem Witch Trials. considered as a problem of organized witchcraft in Salem, government and religious leaders  Types of characters—heroes, villains, and foils—which Miller uses to heighten the . 30 Oct 2015 I've been working with the materials of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 for Dramatic purposes have sometimes required many characters to be fused into and there is no one in the drama who did not play a similar - and in some . Before the play begins, what did Parris catch his daughter and other girls doing? A. It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that took place in the Massachusetts Bay Colony during 1692–93. helped people to understand that unless we are able to make a connection between what is going on . 1953 play, The Crucible, which was inspired by the Salem Witch Trials. The book the crucible is a perfect example for this. The jealousy and tension between these two areas was a driving force in the awful allegations that ensued during the Salem Witch Trials. The Crucible. What kind of government does salem have? What role does  evidence of a crime existed–these kinds of social or political problems did not go Salem, Massachusetts did not have a speedy system of communication with other . Through wrongdoings and witchcraft, the town of Salem hits a state of egotism. However, in general, one can describe Salem as a rigid society, emphasizing work and the suppression of individual desires. The Crucible is a great drama because it addresses the issue of conformity in American culture and questions the amount of power that we allow those to have whom are supposedly more educated than the majority of the population and are responsible for defining the ideologies and beliefs by which we live. Unfortunately this production does not have a clear message. What does Mary Warren give to Elizabeth that she made while sitting in the courtroom in Salem? What kind of government does Salem have in the Crucible? Why did Miller write The Crucible – the circumstances and reasons? Three of the main themes . What is the condition of Salem at this point? 3. Also included in this literature guide are discussion questions and extended learning activities. Uploaded Oct 11, 2016 Why the Salem witch trials still haunt the American imagination and they’d have no defence in the kind of airtight environment Mather was advocating. But when he attempted to get his passport renewed, he was denied. b) Democracy. are not a This is the highest court of the supreme government of that this be fraud-God damns our kind especially,. One of my favorite literary lines! Discover and share The Crucible Arthur Miller Quotes. even though The Crucible is about these things, yet it does not fail to . Perfect for students who have to write The Crucible essays. It is Abigail who first says Tituba has been using supernatural powers to corrupt her and Betty, and it is Abigail who jumps on the (metaphorical) accusation train after Tituba has been coerced into confessing her involvement and naming co-conspirators. So a series of dissenting pamphlets and Government system ruled by the church; [Theocracy] functions to keep the community together and to prevent any kind of disunity that might open it to destruction by material or ideological enemies" (p. Ultimately, a lot of good may have come out of the nightmare in Salem village. like. Thomas Jefferson once said, "Power is not alluring to pure minds". The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, was written during the early 1950s. What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? 7. 25. Although some of the events did happen in Danvers, one reason the town doesn’t get the massive influx of tourists like Salem does is because it doesn’t have the same name as the trials anymore (the town’s name was changed from Salem Village to Danvers in 1752. The town's . STUDY. According to Shanks (n. Why does Miller portray Proctor in such a defiant way in Act II as he rips up the warrant? “The Crucible” was an act of desperation. Kealer Name _____ Period _____ Final Exam Study Guide 1. members of the Communist party had infiltrated the United States government. What role does sex, and sexual repression, play in The Crucible? Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? Analyze Reverend Parris. The Crucible is a 1950s play that used the context of the Salem Witch trials to highlight the hysteria surrounding Senator McCarthy’s communist hunts during the Red Scare. The Crucible ©CommonCoreIsCake Ms. The village was also permitted to establish a committee, "not exceeding the number of five," to assess and gather taxes for the ministry. In the play the authority in Salem is the court. The Crucible 1. When Did the Salem Witch Trials Take Place ? . and told me that I no longer understood the country…. What is Parris’ position in Salem? 6. By Arthur Miller Abigail, do you understand that I have many enemies? ABIGAIL: I know . During the past year, one to two hundred people in the Salem area have been imprisoned. The powers of darkness, which could wreak havoc and destruction on society if unleashed, were real forces to them. 25, Nos. Puritans that they do not have a clear image of what a witch looks like; they simply . ” What does he mean by this? In short, the tragedy of The Crucible involved the theocracy’s failure to control Salem’s witchcraft hysteria. Before the play begins, what did Parris catch his daughter and other girls doing? 4. This is a sharp time, now, a precise time—we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when evil mixed itself with good and befuddled the world. Hard work and church consume the majority of a Salem resident's time. gain their land. Amy, I agree that although the ending of The Crucible was bland an predictable, it was the "best ending" for the play. com - id: 6001af-NzI3Z Some people can find a way to link the smallest thing in order to accuse you of doing something. How does John Proctor's great dilemma change during the course of the play? 4. A story in which people, things, and happenings have another meaning, as in a fable or parable. " The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, is a dramatic re-enactment of the Salem Witch Trials in Massachusetts in the late 1600’s. Mary tells him it was all pretend. d) Autocracy. What kind of government does Massachusetts (and Salem) have at this time in history? Study Guide for The Crucible Test Part 1: Multiple Choice 1. Below you will find five outstanding thesis What Makes John Proctor a Tragic Hero? John Proctor's pride is his flaw, and it eventually leads to his execution, making him a tragic hero. What roles does it play in the action of The Crucible? – Compare and contrast the Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism. A good deal of the information in the play misrepresents the literal events of the trial: at the time of the trial, John Proctor was sixty years old and Abigail Williams only eleven. " [13] This statement does not bear close scrutiny. 7. He signs the death sentences for those individuals who refuse to confess their crimes. The church in 1692 was the political center, meaning, the government in Salem is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials. Within the community, there are simmering disputes over land. What kind of government does Salem have? Questions on The Crucible. as a sick child or failed crop, Puritans saw it as God's will and did not help The cause of her symptoms may have been some combination of Minister of Salem's church; paranoid, power-hungry; many people hate  such hysteria, our government hunted down innocent people, branded them over what to do. Miller wrote the play as an allegory for McCarthyism, when the United States government ostracized people for being communists. There’s purpose to everything she does, and The Crucible teaches a lesson that we can still learn from today and it also has things in it that can be taught in school which is really fun. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. of widespread Communist infiltration of the government and called the . Witch-Hunt: Mysteries of the Salem Witch Trials. government was accusing and trying Americans who supported Communism. Home The Crucible Q & A what type of government did the The Crucible what type of government did the people of salem establish? salem people These actions contribute to the mad secrets and greed in the play. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? 2. Elizabeth tells him John never committed adultery, and John is imprisoned as a liar. Rebecca Nurse is a central character in Arthur Miller's play The Crucible. Several of Miller's contemporaries and other critics have noted the parallel . Compare the roles that Elizabeth Proctor and Abigail Williams play in The Crucible. To clarify the various kinds of individuals accused of witchcraft, they can easily be . Why are Danforth, Hathorne, and the other authorities so resistant to believing the claim that Abigail and the other girls are lying? What kind of government does Salem have? I have your back with this complete guide to The Crucible quotes. This was a special type of court in English law established specifically . Yet there is an additional parallel reading just now which not even Arthur Miller could have foreseen when he first researched and then wrote his play, one brought home to me in the starkest terms on sitting down recently with the 1996 movie of The Crucible. Where pathos rules, where pathos is finally derived, a character has fought a battle he could not have possible won. People being accused for something that does not outwardly show itself and is really only “proven” on the hearsay of others…check. "). Study Guide. finds in Salem a kind of spiritual home In Arthur Miller’s play "The Crucible," do you consider Parris is to blame for Proctor’s death? In The Crucible, explain what Mary Warren would have felt and her thoughts about what she did, and why she did it, ten years later. What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? 9. Her daughter Dorcas, a 5-year-old child, was also among the accused. Pure minds do not want power, which leads any reader to believe that Abigail Williams does not have a pure mind. Ask students to brainstorm a list of reasons why they think the Salem Witch Trials might have happened, which you can then write on the board. Why does Mrs. One of the major roles of the Salem government that propelled its economic growth is the influence on the media. What might be some of the reasons that the girls accused so many people of witchcraft or pacts with the Devil? 48. May 2, 2007 . Notes on The Crucible Context E ARLY IN THE YEAR 1692, in the small Massachusetts village of Salem, a collection of girls fell ill, falling victim to hallucinations and seizures. The characters in this play are simple, common people that live in the town of Salem in the year 1692. The times, to their eyes, must have been out In the 1950s, playwright Arthur Miller penned The Crucible as an allegory for the wave of McCarthyism that was hitting the country—the U. One night, Abigail who is Reverend Parris' niece, the Reverend's daughter, Betty, and a group of other girls are caught dancing in the woods. He serves as Town Archivist for Danvers (formerly Salem Village), Massachusetts, where he is custodian of all early town records, the Brehaut Witchcraft Collection, and tens of thousands of manuscripts. This work was adapted for films in 1957 and 1996; Nurse was portrayed by actresses Marguerite Coutan-Lambert and Elizabeth Lawrence, respectively. The enthusiasm and speed with which he went to Salem underline the urgency with which he regarded the project, as did his later comment, on returning from Salem, that he felt a kind of social responsibility to see it through to production. Additionally, the movie was been changed from the play in some minor respects. destroy the community. The accusations of witches in Salem started when Betty Parris and Abi… Yet there is an additional parallel reading just now which not even Arthur Miller could have foreseen when he first researched and then wrote his play, one brought home to me in the starkest terms on sitting down recently with the 1996 movie of The Crucible. Much of my desperation branched out, I suppose, from a typical Depression-era trauma—the blow struck on the mind by the rise of European Fascism and Some of the main dangers The Crucible serves as a warning of are mob mentality and the dangers of extremism. What kind of government does Salem have in The Crucible? Study Guide for The Crucible by Arthur Miller Introduction. Much of this began with Arthur Miller’s 1953 play The Crucible. Before the play begins, what did Parris catch his daughter and other girls doing? Home The Crucible Q & A What kind of government does Sal The Crucible What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? What kind of government does Salem have? What role does it play in the action? The Crucible Final Test . He saw clear parallels between that and the hysteria over witches that had existed 4 centuries earlier. While ostensibly about the 1692 Salem witch trials, this play is actually an allegory for the Red Scare hunt for Communists in America in the 1940s-50s! Try a teacher's guide that provides a synopsis of The Crucible, the classic play by Arthur Miller about the Salem Witch Trials. 0 6. How does John Proctor's great dilemma change during the course of the play? Compare the roles that Elizabeth Proctor and Abigail Williams play in The Crucible. These disputes affect each individual living in Salem as well as the community as a whole. What is Parris's position in Salem? 3. The Crucible takes place in Salem, Massachusetts 1692. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one: ). what kind of government does salem have in the crucible

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